Lesson Plan

 LISTENING AND SPEAKING
Focus              : Listening and Speaking
Theme             : World of Knowledge
Topic              : Sounds Around Us
Time                 : 60 minutes      
Content Standard :  
1.1 Pupils will be able to pronounce words and speak confidently with the  correct stress, rhythm and intonation.
Learning Standard :
1.1.1 Able to listen and respond to stimulus given with guidance.
Objective :
By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able identify the sound made by animals.
Teaching and Learning Strategies :         

1) Teacher shows the pictures of animals, pupils guess the  names.

2) Teacher teaches the sound made by animals, pupils   initiate.

3) Teacher made the sound made by animals and pupils  guess the name of the animals

Teaching Aids     : Picture of animals: cow, bee, monkey, dog, snake.

Added Value       : The pupils act like animals in groups

                                 Eg: Group A : Act like monkeys

                                        Group B : Act like snakes

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 READING
Focus              :  Reading
Theme             : World of Knowledge
Topic              : Sounds Around Us
Time                 : 60 minutes      
Content Standard :  
1.1 Pupils                    2.1 Pupils will be able to knowledge of sounds of letters to recognize words in linear and non-linear texts.
Learning Standard :
2.1.3 Able to blend two to four phonemes into recognizable words and read them aloud.
Objective :
By the end of the lesson, pupils will be able to:
      a)    Pronounce words correctly

     b)    Read the names of animals.
Teaching and Learning Strategies :        

1) Teacher shows letter cards, pupils pronounce.

2) Teacher shows picture of animals, pupils identify.

3) Teacher shows letter cards to form names of animals for example:cat. Pupils read and pronounce.

4) Pupils jump on the letters mat to spell the name of   animals.

5) Teacher shows the word cards and pupils read.

Teaching Aids     : Letter letters mat.cards, word cards, picture cards,

Added Value       : Decorate the animal mask given (guided)

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WRITING
Focus                 : Writing

Theme              : World of Knowledge

Topic                : Sounds Around Us

Time                 : 60 minutes      

                        Introduction    :
                        This lesson focuses on writing. The main focus of the lesson will be on getting pupils to draw simple strokes up and down and drawing lines from left to right.

Content Standard :
  3.1 By the end of the 6-year primary schooling, pupils will be able to form letters and words in neat and legible print including cursive writing.
Learning Standard :
3.1.1 Able to demonstrate fine motor control of hands and fingers by: 
                                    (a) drawing simple strokes up and down.
                                    (b) drawing lines from left to right.
Objective : By the end of the lesson, pupils will be able to draw simple strokes up and down and  drawing lines from left to right.
Teaching and Learning Strategy :
1) Teacher gets the pupils to sing the song focusing on  animal 
sound.

2) Teacher plays the animal sound by using the Power  Point presentation, the pupils guess the sound.

3) Teacher gives some instruction , the pupils follow.

4) Teacher shows the actions such as up, down, left and   right, pupils follow the teacher by moving themselves.
5) Teacher demonstrates the correct formation of simple   lines from up and down and from left to right, pupils  respond by drawing the lines on air and on their table.

6) Pupils trace the lines and colour the pictures.

7) Pupils complete the activity sheet.

Teaching Aids     : Power Point presentation
Added Value       : Pupils must use the patterns that they have learnt in drawing activity.


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LANGUAGE ARTS

Focus                   : Language Arts

Theme                 : World of Knowledge

Topic                   : Sounds Around Us


Time                    : 30 – 60 minutes
Introduction       :
This lesson allows pupils to enjoy a song through simple actions/sounds animals.
Content Standard :  
4.1 Pupils will be able to sing songs and practice sound through performance.
Learning Standard :
 4.1.2 Able to enjoy song of “Old McDonald” with actions and initiate sounds of animals.
Objective : By the end of the lesson, pupils will be able to:
       a)    Imitate sounds of animals

      b)    Sing a song with correct pronunciation and rhythm.
Teaching and Learning Strategy :
1) Teacher sings a song “Old McDonald”.

2) Teacher imitates sound of animals in the song.

3) Pupils repeat after the teacher.

4) Teacher and pupils sing the song and imitate the sound  of animals together.

Teaching Aids     : Finger puppets of animals

Added Value       : Pupils create models of animals using plasticine.

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 LANGUAGE ARTS

Focus                   : Language Arts

Theme                 : World of Knowledge

Topic                   : Sounds Around Us

Time                    : 30 – 60 minutes
Introduction       :
This lesson allows pupils to enjoy a song through simple actions/sounds animals.
Content Standard :  
4.1 Pupils will be able to sing songs and practice sound through performance.
Learning Standard :
 4.1.2 Able to enjoy song of “Old McDonald” with actions and initiate sounds of animals.
Objective : By the end of the lesson, pupils will be able to:
       a)    Imitate sounds of animals

      b)    Sing a song with correct pronunciation and rhythm.
Teaching and Learning Strategy :
1) Teacher sings a song “Old McDonald”.

2) Teacher imitates sound of animals in the song.

3) Pupils repeat after the teacher.

4) Teacher and pupils sing the song and imitate the sound  of animals together.

Teaching Aids     : Finger puppets of animals

Added Value       : Pupils create models of animals using plasticine.

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KSSR ENG YEAR 1 TEACHING PHONICS 2

UNIT 2 ALL ABOUT ME

Phonemes: /s 
æ t p/
Graphemes: s a t p

Note: Pupils are NOT taught to read yet in this unit.

LESSON 1(In
troducing A Sound)Phoneme: /s/
Grapheme: s
Content
Standard: 2.1
Learning
Standard: 2.1.1, 2.1.2a, 3.1.1a, 3.1.2a,b
Teaching Aids: Sound card 's', Cory Cat Phonics Song
Time: 30 minutes

Activity:
1. Teacher introduces /s/. Watch my mouth.
(Position your mouth, teeth, tongue for phoneme /s/. DO NOT say the sound yet. 
Make sure all your pupils can see your mouth.)

2. Teacher says /s/ 5 times with pauses in between.


3. Teacher asks 'What sound did you hear?'

4. Practice saying /s/ , class, group, individual.

5. Sing Assoc
iation Action Song(from Cory cat Phonics Song), Sammy Snake s s s(weave your hand in an 's' shape, like a snake ).

6. Introduce grapheme 's' for /s/. 'This is /s/. What sound is this? Say /s/ 5 times with me(class, group, individual).'

7. Do writing activities(model the correct way of writing the grapheme):
  • touch sandpaper letter
  • form 's' with modelling clay(Textbook pg 8)
  • copy, write 's' (AB pg 6; intergrate ICT, use Microsoftword. Let pupils choose font, colour it and print.)
(Ask 'What are you doing?' as pupils do the writing activity. Train them to say the sound not the letter name. Use the term 'sound' when teaching phonics NOT 'letter'.)

REFLECTION:
95% of the pupils are able to say 's'. Zaid and Jugah have lisping problem. Everybody enjoyed singing Sammy Snake( He he). 
Everybody can write 's' except Zaid, Aina and Aiman(letter reversal).

MY SUGGESTIONS: 
Above are the basic teaching steps when introducing a sound.
  • Follow the same steps for sounds /æ t p/.
  • Teach the sounds over a period of 1 week, preferably everyday. If not 3x/week, alternate days. Play games once you have introduced more than 1 sound(Textbook pg 7, Jumping Frog).
  • Revise sounds taught before each lesson.
  • DO NOT introduce letter names.
LESSON 2(Introducing picture names)Phoneme: /s /
Grapheme: s
Content
Standard: 2.1
Learning
Standard: 2.1.1, 2.1.2a,
Teaching Aids: Sound card 's'(2); Picture cards or objects beginning with /s/ - sun, seal, snail, socks, spider(from CD Koleksi Grafik bacalah Anakku & Readeasy if you are lazy to draw on your own)
Time: 30 minutes
Activity:
1. Teacher revise
s the sound taught. Show sound card 's'.
Sing Sammy Snake s s s(with action please).


2. Stick the 's' card on the board.

3. Teacher introduces pictures with initial sound /s/. 
Show the first picture, sun. Ask 'What is this?(sun). Say 'sun'. Can you hear /s/(show sound card 's')when I say 'sun'?(show picture)
Encourage pupils to repeat '/s/ as in 'sun'(exaggerate the /s/ sound in the word 'sun').

4. Put the picture on the board below the sound card 's'.


5. Repeat Step 3 for othe pictures.
6. Play Musical Pictures. Sit in a circle. Put all the picture cards in a box. Teacher plays the music and the pupils pass the box. When the music stops, the pupil with the box will pick a card and name it. Teach the pupils to say '/S/ as in (spider)' after naming the picture.

REFLECTIO
N:
MY SUGGESTIONS: 
Above are the basic teaching steps when introducing picture names.
  • Follow the same steps for sounds /æ t p/.
  • for enrichment, make a Sound Poster(refer my link Teaching Phonics, Phonics Poster) for each sound taught(group/class project. Stick it/them around the classroom.
  • Go slow when teaching sounds for the first few weeks. Personally I do not advise you to teach all 4 sounds in one lesson in the early stages of teaching reading.
  • Play Jumping frog after introducing all the 4 sounds at the end of Week 1. Refer Textbook pg 7. For enrichment, I prefer pupils to say "Hello I am /p/. /P/ as in pencil." as he stands on grapheme 'p'.
The above teaching steps may look elaborate but once you get the hang of it, teaching phonics will be a breeze. Do have fun when you teach!


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Make Learning English Fun For Kids

As any parent or carer knows, it can be hard to hold a child’s attention for any period of time. Because of this, if you really want them to learn something you have to make it fun for them. We know that children find it easier to pick up new languages than adults, so if you want your child to learn English then the younger they start, the better.

Here are some tips to help encourage them to learn the language, and make your job easier as well:

Sing Songs: Learning a new song is a great way for a child to absorb information. There are plenty of language-based songs you can find online, or learning-through-music cds you can buy. If you’re feeling particularly creative you could even make up a song yourself to incorporate words and phrases you would like your child to learn. Most children love to sing and dance, so they won’t feel as though they are being pressured in any way.

Favourite TV Shows: Most children are only too happy to sit and watch TV if you let them. Whilst it is not a good idea for them to do this all the time, if you get them watching something which speaks to them on their level you can at least congratulate yourself that you are helping them to develop their vocabulary.

Read Them Stories: All children benefit from being read to, and if you let them look at the story as you read it to them this will also help them to recognise words and make it easier when it comes to learning to read and write English, as well as speaking it.

Arrange Group Activities: Children tend to be pretty sociable, so you may find it is easier for them to learn English if they are doing it in a group. Perhaps you could take them to a special language class, or simply arrange to get together with friends who also have children who are learning to speak English, and do some of the above-mentioned activities together. It also helps if you can get them interacting with other children who speak English fluently as they can then learn from them during play.

Play Games: Word games such as Scrabble are great fun and a brilliant way to teach new words and phrases, as well as getting kids to think for themselves at the same time. You can generally get child-friendly versions of most games, so have a look to see what is available. Whatever you choose, a child will always learn better through play when they don’t feel they are being pressurised too much.

How to Teach Kids How to Introduce Themselves to Others

Learning communication skills is a vital part of every child's life. One of the first challenges that children must make is to introduce themselves to others. While to some children this comes natural, demonstrating social skills can be highly intimidating to children who do not possess these necessary skills. As children become influenced by what they see around them, it has become increasingly important for parents to work with their children to improve their communication techniques.